The Livingstone Tanzania Trust supports the efforts of community-based organisations (CBO) in the Manyara Region to generate income from livestock farming. We offer training in livestock welfare and product diversification and provide loans to purchase new livestock
In Sawe, LTT provided training and a loan to a CBO to establish a pig breeding collective. Within 4 years the CBO achieved its goal of proving each member with at least one sow and thus a new source of income. The project inspired people inside and out of the community to establish pig rearing businesses and other ventures.
With the income earned from pig breeding, Leoprosca Sulle established a domestic biogas plant in her garden. She utilises pig manure to generate methane gas which she uses as fuel to cook her family meals. Leoprosca also applies the resultant bio-slurry to enrich the soil in her market garden. As a result her household expenditure on firewood has fallen and her garden produces more vegetables for both sale and home family consumption.
In Sawe and Waangwaray, CBO members have taken to rearing goats, from kid to adult. Goat is an affordable meat for the community and frequently eaten to celebrate special occasions. Goats also breed relatively fast (get to reproductive age within twelve months of birth) and can also provide a family with milk. LTT has introduced some Tottenburg goats (good for milk) into the community where the kids are passed to new families in a pyramid scheme
LTT has provided two cows to two different families in two different communities on the basis that the family care for it as though it were theirs. This means housing and feeding it well, getting it pregnant and encouraging milk production. Our agreement with the family requires that the first two female offspring are passed to two other families, chosen by the community, after which the cow belongs to the family. All the milk and any male offspring belong to the family.
In Sawe and Waangwaray, LTT has assists CBO members with the chicken breeding/egg laying businesses. The greatest threat to this project comes from Newcastle Disease, an airborne virus, and from the cold nights (June-August). Since the training the members all take precautions and use suitable preventative medicines.
In communities where water is not a problem, LTT has demonstrated the benefits of establishing Tilapia fish farms. Not only do the ponds provide a source of protein and income, but the water, rich in nutrients is excellent for irrigating the land improving the health of the soil.
Guinea pigs are fast breeders and can have 12 batches of babies a year with 1-8 in each batch. A male can grow to about 1 kg and be sold for 5,000 Tsh. It is best to start with small projects and grow depending on available food. It is important to ensure their accommodation is secured at all times.
Rabbits are a good source of protein and income. a 5 kg rabbit can be sold for 10,000 Tsh. Rabbits breed four times a year and can have up to 8 babies. Security of accommodation and ability to provide food is key to the success of keeping rabbits